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Horse breeds: complete list

Horse breeds: complete list


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Welcome to the IdeeGreen section dedicated to horse breeds that you can discover by accessing the cards dedicated to the individual equine breeds where you will find detailed information on origins, physical characteristics, character, attitude, nutrition, diseases and more.

Origins of equine breeds

For millennia, the horse has helped man in numerous areas of his social life, receiving affection and care in return.

Since prehistoric times the horse it was (unfortunately!) also used as an aid in battles, constituting a deadly weapon capable of reversing the outcome of bloody clashes.

The horse breeds have been selected by man all over the world on the basis of the use to which the horse was to be used: war, agriculture / shooting, speed races, walking or leisure companion.

Today, the last remaining wild horse breed is the Wild horse of Asia; all the other breeds are the result of selections made over the centuries.

Famous horses

Some horses have gone down in history as Bucephalus, the horse of the Thessalian race, now evolved into Akhal-Teke breed, who accompanied the leader Alexander the Great throughout his campaigns in Asia.

A mosaic depicting Alexander the Great in battle with the faithful Bucephalus

Other famous horses used by historical figures are Asturcone, horse of Julius Caesar, Bavieca, horse of El Cid, Marengo, Napoleon's horse and Palomo, horse of Simon Bolivar.

In the 1980s a horse named Fury, he was also the protagonist of a successful series of TV series set in the far-west era.

Dynamite instead, it is the name of the steed of Tex Willer, the cowboy hero of the comic of the same name born from the imagination of Giovanni Luigi Bonelli and graphically created by Galep.

Types and varieties of horse breeds

Horse breeds are classified according to several criteria. One of the most used divides them into: racing horses, saddle horses and draft horses.

Another classification distinguishes between horses a warm-blooded, cold-blooded horses and ponies.

Eventually the races are broken down into 3 categories in relation to the physical structure:

  • brachymorphic horses
  • mesomorphic horses
  • dolichomorphic horses

THE brachymorphic horses they are horses with a massive structure and with a developed musculature. They are horses with great strength but at the same time slow and not suitable for running at speed. They usually have a meek character. These are therefore horses suitable for pulling carriages or working in the fields. These breeds include the Italian fast heavy draft farm horse or the Belgian draft horse.

THE dolichomorphic horses on the contrary they are characterized by a narrow and slender body that allows them to run at speed. They have a lively character. Three examples of dolichomorphic breeds are the Arabian horse and the English Thoroughbred Horse.

THE mesomorphic horses they are a cross between brachmorphic and dolichomorphic horses: they are “handyman breeds”, powerful but at the same time snappy. Some examples of mesophorphic breeds are: Lusitano horse, Murgese horse, Andalusian horse, Appaloosa horse is Haflinger horse.

In some contexts, reference is also made to two further intermediate categories:

  • meso-brachymorphic horses, used both as draft horses for carriage and as saddle horses, such as the Gipsy Vanner or the Friesian.
  • meso-dolichomorphic horses, often used in running competitions, such as Hanover, Holstain and Paint Horse.

Complete list of horse breeds in alphabetical order

  • Fast Heavy Draft Italian Agricultural Horse
  • Akhal-Teke horse
  • Albino horse
  • Alter-Real horse
  • American Saddlebred horse
  • American saddle horse
  • Andalusian horse
  • French Anglo-Arab horse
  • Sardinian Anglo-Arab horse
  • Spanish Anglo-Arab horse
  • Anglo-Argentine horse
  • Anglo-Norman horse
  • Appaloosa horse
  • Apennine horse
  • Arabian horse
  • Arab-Persian horse
  • Araboulonnais horse
  • Ardennese horse
  • Haflinger horse
  • Bardigiano horse
  • Belgian draft horse
  • Berber horse
  • Boulonnais horse
  • Breton horse
  • Camargue horse
  • Clydesdale horse
  • Connemara horse
  • Criollo horse
  • Don horse
  • Horse of Sarcidano
  • Cavallino della Giara
  • Fergana horse
  • Heck horse
  • Cavallino of Monterufoli
  • Falabella Horse or Argentine Pony
  • Fell horse
  • Fjord horse
  • Foutanké horse
  • Freiberger horse
  • Friesian horse
  • East Frisian horse
  • Groningen horse
  • Gypsy Vanner horse
  • Hanoverian horse
  • Hispano horse
  • Iberian horse
  • Icelandic horse
  • Karabakh horse
  • Knabstrup horse
  • Konik horse
  • Lipizzan horse
  • Lusitano horse
  • Mangalarga horse
  • Maremma horse
  • Murgese horse
  • Mustang horse
  • Neapolitan horse
  • New Forest pony horse
  • Nisean horse
  • Orlov horse
  • Horse Paint Horse
  • Palomino horse
  • Percheron horse
  • Persano Horse
  • Pottok horse
  • English Thoroughbred Horse
  • Oriental Thoroughbred Horse
  • Quarab horse
  • Quarter Horse
  • Sanfratellano horse
  • Italian saddle horse
  • Horse Selle français
  • Shetland horse
  • Shire horse
  • Sicilian horse
  • Sorraia horse
  • Tolfetan horse
  • Trakehner horse
  • American trotter horse
  • Turkmen horse
  • Vladimir horse
  • Welsh Pony horse
  • Windsor Gray horse
  • Yonaguni horse
  • Žemaitukas horse
  • Galician ponies
  • Esperia pony
  • Exmoor pony
  • Gotland pony

A happy breeder with her horse

Purebred horse farms

The protection of the different horse breeds it is assured by the many farms of enthusiasts who in our country and in the rest of the world dedicate themselves daily to an activity that can offer many satisfactions, not only economically.

In the cards dedicated to the individual breeds we will report some of these farms, possibly hosting images of some specimens of horses, citing name and source.

We are also available to breeders to receive collaboration proposals to develop quality content related to the world of horses. In this case you can write to us at the email address [email protected]


Video: Showing All horse breeds. Types of horses starting with A (June 2022).