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How to remove a wool sweater

How to remove a wool sweater


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At the end of the winter season, we take stock of the sweaters that have resisted our washing, instead putting those that will no longer keep us company next year in the cold days of December and January in a large sack for reuse. When we have to sacrifice and say goodbye to bosses we are particularly fond of, we ask ourselves how to fray a wool sweater, which method to use, to retrieve it. There are several, we can draw on those of the grandmother and the natural ones to find a solution. First of all, do not give up, therefore, in front of a felted shirt.

What is a felted sweater

The word "felted" already tells us very well where we want to go. With this adjective we want to describe a fabric that has become compact like felt. If we think about the soft wool, the leap is obvious and it is not difficult to notice the difference when the damage is done. By definition, a felted garment becomes felted because it has been washed too many times or incorrectly. Soon we are going to find out what are the possible ones causes of felting, because prevention is better than cure.

Why a sweater felts

There are several factors that can contribute tofelting of a garment, among all the main ones is the temperature at which a wash is performed, or rather, the temperature changes to which we subject our pure wool garment. The causes of felting mainly concern water or detergent and I'm:

  • thermal changes
  • water too hot
  • water with alkaline pH
  • aggressive detergent

At this point it is spontaneous to ask ourselves how to proceed to wash the wool correctly, without risking to put out of play the sweaters we care about. First let's give a look at the label if we have never done so, to make sure that the garment can really be machine washed or not. This should always be done, with all the garments, so as not to ruin them unnecessarily, out of pure laziness. If we have a pure wool garment, however, it is better to opt for hand washing in cold water with the use of suitable detergents and fabric softeners. If we prefer to use the washing machine, it is absolutely necessary to organize for carry out an ad hoc wash, with cold water. making sure that there are no thermal changes, so keeping the same temperature throughout the washing and rinsing phase.

Here are some tips to avoid to make our woolen garments felted, all very simple that require more of a bit of memory and organization and nothing that is impossible for anyone who takes care of their home every now and then.

  • Never water above 30 °
  • Never sudden changes in temperature during washing
  • Avoid machine washes, hand wash or at least a wool cycle
  • Use only suitable and delicate detergents
  • Dry the sweaters in a cloth to remove excess water, never wring them
  • Spread out horizontally on the clothesline
  • Add half a lemon to normal laundry both in washing machine and hand laundry, this citrus fruit has bleaching properties as well as anti-felting

Deglaze a sweater with baking soda

Among the most effective remedies we find the one that involves the use of bicarbonate, a substance that has many uses at home. Here's how to use it to save our ruined woolen garments. We take a basin and fill it with two liters of cold water and 20 grams of bicarbonate, Let's immerse our sweater in it completely so that it does not stay out even an inch and let it rest for the whole night. In the morning we retrieve the garment and wash it with laundry soap, it would be great to use simple Marseille soap.

Let's get ready for a second immersion, this time in a basin with two liters of water in which we dissolve 10 tablespoons of tartaric acid. In this case we don't have to let the sweater spend too much time in immersion but only six hours, stirring occasionally. At the end we take our wool garment and let's rinse it abundantly and vigorously, putting it to dry as we have already learned to do or on the clothesline horizontally. When we iron, in order not to ruin all the work done, we use a lot of steam.

The balm against felted wool

Even the balm, yes, the one for the hair, can be an excellent remedy against felted wool. Let's try! We always take our basin but this time we fill it with hot water in which we let a little hair conditioner dissolve, without looking too much at the brand. We shake and mix so that the liquid does not contain any lumps of conditioner and then we dip our garment to be saved.

The mix of water and balm it must completely cover it, all the fibers of our sweater must enter and remain in contact with the mixture that can "heal" them. As with hair, conditioner also has the ability to soften with wool. We massage the head and when we feel it has become soft, we start taking it by letting the water it is soaked in and then rinsing it in warm water, by hand, over and over again. Then spread it to drip, horizontally, until it dries completely,

Natural remedies against wool shrinkage

After baking soda and hair conditioner, let's discover others tricks, always natural, to counteract the felting of wool. We have learned the tricks so as not to make her felt now, but what if the damage has already been done? Let's not despair and roll up our sleeves, in the true sense of the word, because we have a bit of washing and rinsing to do to remedy.

If the felting is light, we can use theammonia. We take a basin of cold water with three tablespoons of pure ammonia, mix and then leave our sweater in this mixture for a maximum of a couple of hours. When the time is up, let's recover it and wash it well. Another substance that can come to our aid, unexpectedly, is milk. This time the mixture is prepared with the two ingredients taken in equal parts, milk and cold water. The sweater should be soaked for only one hour and then rinsed off with a touch of fabric softener.

If the situation is dramatic, I recommend that you immediately move on to extreme remedies like this one based on Citric acid. 5 liters of cold water and 50 g are mixed in the bowl. of citric acid, the garment must soak a couple of hours before it takes effect, then rinse only with water. Alternatively, there is a more complex mixture to prepare but rather effective: soap for wool, alcohol, ammonia and turpentine. In 10 liters of lukewarm water we mix for the we specify a cap of about mild soap for wool, half a tablespoon of alcohol, 3 tablespoons of ammonia and 1 of turpentine. This time the wool garment must remain immersed all day before being picked up and rinsed.

How to wash wool sweaters

Today, with the abundance of detergents on the market, it is possible wash wool sweaters well without necessarily having to use a softener. It is important to choose a neutral or slightly acidic product, therefore with a pH reaction diametrically opposite to that of classic washing machine detergents. If we want to use the washing machine, and the label says we have permission, we choose a detergent specifically for wool, selecting a extra-delicate washing cycle at low temperatures (30 ° C) without spinning. If, on the other hand, we can wash our garment by hand, so much the better, and always do it with a delicate and suitable detergent. For more advice, click here.

Products that you can buy to remove a wool sweater

Even online we can find valuable allies if we are trying to retrieve a sweater that has felted. We can try an antistatic skin remover, also useful for preventing damage to the fibers. It is a classic and very effective product, as is this set of products with plant extracts, also very attentive to the original colors of our wool garments. You might be interested in learning more about the many types of wool on the market and their characteristics.


Video: SHRUNK SWEATER - HOW TO UNSHRINK AND RESIZE IT - Queen of Clean (June 2022).